What is Retina?

Retina is the light sensitive layer that lines the back of the eye. The retina acts like the film role of a camera. It receives the image produced by the lens and conveys these signals to the brain. The retina is actually considered to be a part of the central nervous system.


Retinal diseases may be inherited or acquired disorders. They can affect the young and old. Eg. Diabetic Retinopathy, Retinal Detachment, Retinal Vascular Occlusions, Age Related Macular Degeneration, Retinitis Pigmentosa, Retinopathy Of Prematurity and Retinoblastoma ( Cancer of the retina) etc.

Every myope (wearing minus spectacles) must get the retina checked at least once a year. Similarly all diabetics, hypertensives, people with family history of retinal diseases must get their retina examined at least once a year even if their vision is perfectly normal. All preterm babies must get their retina checked before 1 month of age.

Flashes of light, floaters, distortion of images, and curtain like loss of vision may be symptoms of retinal problem. You must contact a vitro retinal surgeon immediately.

During your visit to our hospital, you will first be taken through a routine checkup of your refraction by a team of qualified optometrists. This will be followed by dilatation of your pupils for a detailed retinal exam by a consultant. Following dilatation, it may be difficult to read or drive for several hours after the visit. You may wish to bring sunglasses and/or a driver for your vehicle. Retinal evaluations can be time consuming and often involve additional tests and treatment. If you have other systemic complaints (diabetes, hypertension etc), bring in your other medical records with details of the medications you are on.

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